Jean Dufy (1888-1964)
This painting shows us the famous Le Moulin de la Galette at the beginning of the 20th century by Jean Dufy. Jean Dufy was a French painter of Parisian society, country scenes, circuses, horse races, stages, and orchestras.
He was born in Le Havre, into a large family. His elder brother was the well-known painter Raoul Dufy, who became Jean’s mentor throughout his career.
In 1920 Jean Dufy settled in the artist quarter of Montmartre, next door to Georges Braque. Braque, a friend of his brother Raoul Dufy, encouraged him to experiment with the Cubist style. He also spent time there with Picasso, Apollinaire, and Derain, among others. After settling in Montmartre, Dufy participated in many exhibitions, which reflected the music and art of Parisian culture after the war. Dufy created colourful paintings of circuses and clowns, as well as Parisian street scenes, the gates of Paris, the Eiffel Tower, the bridges of the Seine and Le Moulin de la Galette.
Le Moulin de la Galette was a very popular place for Parisians seeking entertainment. Parisians made their way to Montmartre to enjoy "the simple pleasures" of the countryside with a glass of wine, freshly baked bread and a terrace view of Paris and the Seine below. In the 19th century the owners of the windmill began to sell a small brown loaf of bread which was called a galette. This small bread was sold together with a glass of milk, which was soon to be replaced for a glass of wine and Le Moulin de la Galette became famous.
Literature: Jean Dufy Catalogue raisonné de l’oeuvre Volume II - Jacques Bailly – page 220 Paris – Montmartre No B.1101